India’s Move to Right to Education
BACKGROUND. It was Saturday afternoon; except for me, the world seemed to be on vacation as I was busy serving guests at a luncheon at my master’s residence. The chatter and laughter was loud enough to be heard in every nook and cranny of the house. for me because I had to respond to every call or request from the guests or especially the teacher.
Shows off about his students’ achievements and tries to prove that one son is better than the other. When suddenly an old man read in a magazine that the government would pass a new law, namely the law on the right to education. But to me, those routine conversations about housework made more sense than this new topic that came up because I couldn’t read or understand this high-level conversation that had distracted those conversations from their children, on top of that I didn’t even understand what
that word meant “right”. This old man said something like…
History of the law: The Free and Compulsory Education Act 2003 was the central government’s first attempt at drafting a comprehensive education law, after Amendment 86 made education a fundamental right. The bill was an excellent example of empowerment, creating up to 6 levels of different agencies to ensure the provision of free and compulsory education. Furthermore, the reservation of up to 25% of private school places for the economically disadvantaged students to be selected by these authorities ensured that the bill was a throwback to the old License-Permit-Raj regime
Following widespread criticism, the bill was thrown out. The Right to Education Act 2005 is the central government’s second attempt to rectify the education system. Some of the key provisions of the bill: • It promises free and compulsory quality education up to elementary level for all children in the 6-14 age group. • Single-handedly forcing private schools to reserve up to 25 percent of places for students from disadvantaged backgrounds.
Schools will be reimbursed for the lesser of actual tuition and public school expenses per student. Schools that receive aid will “set aside at least that proportion of their enrolled children that their annual recurring grant has for their annual recurring expenses, subject to a minimum of 25 percent.” • Requires all remaining students by opening new schools and be placed within three years of passing, all students have a school in their own neighborhood
. • Formation of School Management Committees (SMCs) composed of parents and teachers from public schools and charter schools who own the school’s assets and the accounts administer and pay salaries.