Human Body Anatomy and Physiology
So you want to refresh your memory about human body anatomy and physiology? Then you have come to the right place. Keep reading to understand the main key points about human anatomy and physiology.
Without further ado, here are some facts about human physiology and human anatomy:
In short, human body anatomy is the study of how we are built, while human physiology is the study of how we function.
Anatomy is further divided into microscopic anatomy and gross anatomy. Gross anatomy is the study of structures that we can see with our own eyes, and as the name implies, microscopic anatomy is the study of smaller anatomical structures that we need a microscope to be able to see.
The fifteen most important organ systems in the human body are the nervous system, reproductive system, skeletal system, muscular system, musculoskeletal system, respiratory system, excretory system, digestive system, circulatory system, lymphatic system, integumentary system, urinary system, immune system, vestibular system and the endocrine system.
There are 78 organs in the human body, and they are all made up of tissues. A tissue is a group of cells that together does a specific function. The type of tissues that can be found in humans are muscle tissue, connective tissue, epithelial tissue and nervous tissue.
Hippocrates and Aristotle, who lived about 2400 years ago, are often brought up in discussions about who started the study of physiology and human body anatomy. In the 20th century we have advanced a great deal in these areas, as we have become much more technically advanced in general, and thus developed more advanced methods for studying anatomy and human physiology.